Gastroenteritis

Gastroenteritis is an infectious inflammation of stomach lining. There are acute and chronic gastroenteritis.

Reasons for Gastritis

  1. Presence of Helicobacter pylori in the body
  2. Bile and pancreas ferment emitted from small intestine
  3. Regularly use of painkillers
  4. Use of alcohol and smoking
  5. Unhealthy foods, eating much spicy and fried foods, coffee and thick tea
  6. Repeated stresses
  7. Radiation impact

Clinical Presentation

Once infected, a person has ache in epigastric region when hungry. Such dyspeptic symptoms as heartburn, sour belching, nausea and vomiting occur. In atrophic gastroenteritis heaviness after eating, overeating, food-smelling or airy belch.

Diagnosing Gastroenteritis

  1. FGDS (fibrogastroduodenoscopy) with taking tissue for H. pylori
  2. Urease test for H. pylori
  3. H-pylori antibody test
  4. Gastric acid secretion test
  5. X-ray examination of stomach

Treating Gastroenteritis

First of all, normalizing your food regimen – 5 or 6 meals per day, in small portions, excluding salty, spicy, pickled, smoked, greasy foods and coffee. Quit bad habits.

GP uses medicines for gastric secretion – antacids, proton pumps inhibitors, H2-receptor antagonists. Mucous membrane covering medicines are used. On finding H. pylori antibacterial medications are used.