Varicose Veins

Varicose veins in legs is a disease, when veins are getting swollen, twisted and longer. Blood valves get damaged in veins. In healthy body, vein valves are needed to help keep blood flowing toward your heart in one direction.

Factors

  • Work that requires long periods of standing (Surgeon, Shop Assistant, Teacher, Engineer, office positions)
  • Carrying heavy bags, objects, boxes
  • Obesity, ascitis due to high intraperitoneal pressure
  • Pregnancy
  • Aging
  • Vascular disorders
  • Blood clots in deeper veins in legs
  • Surgery on legs.

Diagnosing Varicose Veins

  • Complaints
  • Manifestation of the disease
  • Ultrasound helps define local blood flow change
  • Duplex ultrasound helps assess blood flow, state of vessel walls and work of blood valves

Treatment 

Conservative treatment for the disease includes:

  • Wearing compression stockings. Keep in mind, wrap bandages before patient gets up in the morning!
  • Avoid long periods of standing, wear more comfortable shoes.
  • Diet. Consume less salt and liquids
  • Take vein tonus normalizing medicines
  • Take microcirculation improving medicines
  • Take diuretics when swellings
  • Do exercises and treating procedures
Surgery is used in extreme cases (removal of affected veins), when the conservative treatment gives no result.