Our spinal cord is not straight. Viewed from side, it is S-shaped. Some people have additionally side curves. They are visible when viewed from the front and back. This is scoliosis. Often, the condition does not show physical signs and is diagnosed at an exam.


Curve can form in chest level, lower-back level or in both levels of the spinal cord. It’s angle can be measured in degrees. This will show the severity of the condition. In cases of small angles, the condition can be cured with conservative way. In big angles, surgical option is possible. Surgery is applied only in severe cases when scoliosis affects work of heart and lungs and curvature worsens.

Scoliosis is common in children and teenagers, rarely in adults.

The reasons for scoliosis are not always clear. It may develop as a complication of age diseases (osteoporosis). Muscular dystrophy may cause the condition. Genetic scoliosis is caused by damage to spinal cord that occurs during birth. Family history plays its role.


During diagnosis are used: physical examination, palpation, spinal x-ray (in several projections), tomography, magnetic resonance imaging.

Usually, conservative treatment is carried out. Surgical option is used in severe cases.