Rhinitis is inflammation of nasal lining. It is classed into acute and chronic according to who long the condition lasts. There are vasomotor rhinitis, medicine rhinitis, professional rhinitis and atrophic rhinitis (caused by Ozaena).
- Body’s weakened local and general immune resistance
- Excessive cold air (especially temperature extremes) brings local germs in action. In common conditions, the germs exist in the nasal cavity not causing the inflammation.
- Infection agents
- Injury of nasal mucous membrane with solid objects by putting them in nose (acute)
- Frequent inflammatory processes inside the nose (chronic)
- Environment full of minerals, smoke, metal dirt, fumes of mercury, formalin and iodine
- Physical defects of nose
- Allergens (pollen, waste products of dust mites, cat fur allergens cause vasomotor rhinitis)
Typical symptoms are blocked and runny nose. The discharges may become mucous of purulent. May be sneezing, tear shed, itch in nose, head ache or steady rise in temperature. In atrophic rhinitis, dark green and yellow-green foul smelling crusts form in nose. As a rule, all symptoms occur in both sides of the nose. In traumatic rhinitis, discharges are present in the injured side.
Chronic rhinitis has its outbreak and remission periods. Allergic rhinitis is marked by development of disease-forming complex symptoms during contact with allergen (often seasonal character).
ENT doctor will examine your nose and diagnose acute of chronic rhinitis according to typical symptoms. On suspicion of atrophic rhinitis, nasal swabs are taken to be tested. On suspicion of allergic rhinitis, a general blood test, a nasal discharge culture or allergy skin test may be done.
In acute process, every side of the nose is carefully examined. You should blow your nose before you put vasoconstrictors to prevent injuring blood vessels. Self-care procedures, such as foot bath are allowed. Vasoconstrictive and antibacterial medications are used.
The treatment for chronic rhinitis is based on the following facts:
- Avoid factors that could have led to rhinitis
- Medication treatment depending on the type of condition
- Surgical approach based on the symptoms
- Physiotherapeutic procedures.