Varicocele is when spermatic cord veins are stretched and dilated. It usually happens to guys ages 17 to 30.


Blood inflow is greater then the outflow. High pressure in kidney vein causes the blood to flow in reverse in testicular vein which results in a varicocele. Varicocele hinders the normal movement of spermatozoa and therefore may result in infertility.


  • Pubescence (more blood is delivered to testicles)
  • Sexual excitement for a long time (the same reason)
  • Heavy exercises (heavy weight-lifting or long-time standing)
  • General weakness in the body
  • Veins conditions

Symptoms of Varicocele

  • Heaviness in scrotum
  • One side of scrotum got bigger (usually left, since the blood outflow from left side of the scrotum is less then from the right one)
  • A testis got less (usually left)
  • Dull ache (when lifting weight or sexually exited)

Diagnostic Procedures

  • Vein examination
  • Semen analysis
  • Ultrasound
  • Doppler ultrasound

Treatment for Vericocele

  • Eliminating the reasons for the disorder
  • As needed, varicocele surgery