Renal Failure

Kidneys sustain chemical balance inside the body. Renal failure or renal insufficiency is a kidney condition, when kidneys fail to do their function in right way totally or partially. It results in fluid, nitrogen and electrolyte metabolism dysfunction. For instance, nitrogen metabolism products – uric acid, urea – are not removed from the body.

There are acute renal failure and chronic renal failure.

Acute Renal Failure

This is an abrupt dysfunction of one or both kidneys. Renal tubule, nephron, glomeruli are affected.

Causes of Renal Failure

Symptoms of Acute Renal Failure

Diagnostic Procedures

Treatment for Acute Kidney Failure

In many cases it is treatable. The treatment is aimed to eliminate the reason of the disease (shock, poisoning, etc.) and defective metabolism. Hemodialisis, hemofiltartion, and other forms of treatment are used.

Chronic Kidney Failure

Chronic kidney failure is marked by decrease of nephrons in amount and performance.

Causes of Chronic Kidney Failure

Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Failure

Treatment for Chronic Kidney Failure