Orchitis is an inflammation of testis.

Causes for Orchitis

  • Infection – typhus, gonorrhea, influenza, parotitis, chickenpox. In these cases orchitis is as a complication.
  • Inflammation of urinary system – prostatitis, epididymitis, urethritis. Orchitis as a complication.
  • Injure of testis.

There are acute orchitis and chronic orchitis. Acute orchitis results from acute inflammation and chronic orchitis results from untreated acute orchitis or may be caused by any other chronic disease.

Acute Orchitis


  • Pain in testis (may go to perineum, low back and groin). Pain when touching a testis.
  • Increased scrotum
  • Reddened scrotum
  • Tiredness, fever, nausea, headache
  • High temperature

Diagnostic Procedures



Acute orchitis goes away on its own usually in 2 to 4 days. However, occasionally, the inflammation leaves pus, which can lead to infertility. If pus is suspected it is treated at a hospital. Methods of treatment:

  • Struggling with diseases causing architis
  • Antibiotics
  • Localized cold use
  • Physiotherapy
  • Thermal procedures
  • Cutting pus open
  • Testis removal in severe cases

Chronic Orchitis


The disease may result from other urinary system diseases – chronic prostatitis, chronic urethritis, chronic vasculitis. The disease may become chronic also as a result of incorrect or insufficient treatment. Developing chronic orchitis may lead to infertility – especially the one caused by acute orchtis.


Very unclear. Often the only sing is mild pain when touching a testis.

Treatment for Chronic Orchitis

  • Struggle with the main causing diseases
  • Antibiotics
  • Physiotherapy
  • Thermal procedures
  • Testis removal in severe cases

Orchitis is a very unpleasant disease. It is better to be prevented then treated. You should treat urinary diseases in time, look after your health state in infections and avoid injuring scrotum, perineum and pelvic organs to prevent orchitis.