Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence occurs when urine passes out of urethra uncontrollably.

The problem occurs both in children and adults. Children mainly have night urinary incontinence. It goes away on its own with age. In adults it can result from different conditions and diseases.

Types of Disease

  • Stress incontinence
    This is the most frequent form. Urine leakage happens when having physical exercise – heavy-lifting, coughing, laughing, sneezing and sometimes moving body position. All these action raise pressure inside the bladder and it causes the problem. The form is quite common: about 40% of women (especially over age 40) suffer from stress incontinence.
  • Excessive involuntary urine flow
    It caused by overfilled bladder. The reasons may be chronic kidney failure, nerve diseases, urethra narrowing.  
  • Reflex incontinence
    The leakage happens without preceding urge. As a rule it results from spinal cord tumors and injuries.
  • Urgent incontinence
    Involuntary urination happens during strong urge. The possible reasons may be Parkinson’s disease, stroke, diabetes, cystitis, hormonal imbalance, loss of bladder control.

Diagnostic Procedures

  • Serching causes
  • Bladder ultrasound
  • Electromyography (evaluation of muscle and sphincter functioning)

Treatment for Urinary Incontinence

  • Physical exercises for pelvic muscles (help only in mild stage and don’t cure)
  • Physiotherapy (electrostimulation)
  • In case of infection – taking medicine to eliminate the causing infection
  • In severe cases – surgery