Cystitis is inflammation of bladder mucous membrane.

Causes of Cystitis

  • Infections, e.g. E.coli, Klebsiella, Procteus
  • Instrumental injury to the bladder wall (due to surgery, catheterization)

Causes of Cystitis

  • Blood circulation disorder in bladder and other pelvic organs
  • Not able to empty bladder
  • Kidney and other organs inflammatory diseases (pyelonephritis, endometritis, parametritis)
  • Cold
  • Viruses
  • Weakened immune
  • Effect of chemicals and poisons
  • Not urinating but holding urine frequently

Both men and women may have cystitis but it occurs more often in women since infection can more easily find its way to the bladder through urethra. Men can develop it due to inflammation of prostate, epididymis, urethra.

Symptoms of Cystitis

  • Pain in bladder area
  • Problems with urination
  • Blood in urine at the end of urination

Diagnostic Procedures

  • Investigation of urine for bacterial content
  • Urine macro- and microscopy
  • Ultrasound of the urinary system
  • DNA diagnostics for infections
  • Cystoscopy

Treatment for Cystitis

Treatment is aimed to eliminate the reason for the bladder inflammation.