Pointed Genital Warts
Pointed genital warts are caused by Human papillomavirus (HPV). Some of its types result in pointed genital warts. The virus spreads only through sexual contact. It is a sexually transmitted infection (STI).
Genital warts are spots or wide areas that look like top of cauliflower. They occur on mucous membrane or skin. In men, they usually can be found on frenulum, glans and shaft of the penis and inside the urethra. In women, genital warts occur mainly on vulva (labia minora and majora), urethra, vagina, cervix, and anal area. Condylomata may occur on the mucous membrane of the mouth.
After the genital warts occurred they may increase in size.
If untreated, the genital warts can lead to complications. The worse are cancer: in men, penile cancer; in women, cervical cancer.
Genital warts occur when:
- Immune system is weakened
- Chronic genital diseases
- Genital itch
- Pain during sex
- Discharges (in some cases)
Diagnosis for Genital Warts
The warts are difficult to find due to the long incubation period of 3 to 6 months. In addition, the virus can be accompanied by other infections – gonococcus, trichomonad, ureaplasma, Chlamydia and microplasma. Therefore if the genital warts are found you should get tested for other problems.
Different methods are used for treatment
- Applying medicines
- Surgical excision (used if cancer is suspected)
- Laser removal
- Cryosurgery (using liquid nitrogen). The method is used in case of the wide spread infection.
- Electrosurgery (using high-frequency electric current)
Keep in mind using a condom can protect you from many sexually transmitted infections.