Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are benign tumors occurring on uterine wall. They are one of the most common genital tumors in women. It grows very slowly. It may become cancerous in some cases.

Fibroids occur commonly in nonporous women. They may develop in outer, middle and inner layers of the vagina. Most problems cause those in the inner layer. They deform vaginal cavity and result in heavy bleeding. Big fibroids may press on other organs.

Causative Factors

  • Family history (one third of cases)
  • Hormonal disorders
  • Abortions
  • Pelvic inflammatory diseases
  • Cardio-vascular conditions
  • Endometriosis
  • Overweight


  • Pain in lower abdomen
  • Menstrual cycle changes
  • Bleeding
  • Affected adjacent organs (frequent urination)
  • Miscarriage, infertility
Often, patient does not feel symptoms of fibroids. As a result, woman does not visit a doctor. Meanwhile, a fibroid may be growing. 

Diagnosing Fibroids

  • Manual examination (doctor will determine location and size of a tumor)
  • Endoscopy exam (doctor can estimate the a tumor and get material for histological and cytological investigations)
  • Ultrasound (in many cases, ultrasound is already enough to get all sufficient information)
  • X-ray
  • Tomography
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance

Treating Fibroids

There are two techniques of treatment for fibroids:

  • Conservative
  • Surgical

Conservative treatment is used at the early stages to prevent tumor from growing. If the technique proves ineffective, tumour is growing, and suspicion exists that it may turn cancerous, surgery is used.

Operation is prescribed when:

  • Pain
  • Rapid growth of tumor
  • Suspicion that tumor is turning cancerous
  • Decreased blood supply to fibroids and inflammations on them
  • Dysfunction of nearby organs (bladder or intestine)
  • Infertility (is all other reasons are excluded)

Keep in mind, to remove fibroid does not always mean to remove uterus. Uterus is removed in severe cases when fibroid are excessively big. In most cases, uterus is possible to be saved. In surgery, lasers or ultrasound surgical knives are used. They do not leave any surgery scars on skin.

Preventing Fibroids

Above all, see a Gynecology specialist regularly! During examination a Gynecologist will find a condition at the early stages.

Control your body weight and avoid gaining it.