Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis is inflammation of vaginal mucous membrane.

The condition may be caused by microplasma, streptococcus, chlamydia, staphylococcus, haemophilus, and other germs. Germs may lodge together.

Bacterial vaginosis is very common. Usually, women of childbearing age have it.

Causative Factors 

  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Other infections
  • Endocrine system conditions
  • Injured mucous membrane in vagina
  • Genetic disorders of vaginal development
  • Long-lasting use of antibiotics
  • Some allergic reactions (to vaginal candles and creams)
  • Poor individual hygiene

If not treated sufficiently, the inflammation can pass to other parts of the body, for example to cervical canal, vagina or vaginal appendages. This can result in development of endometritis, cervical erosion and infertility.

Treating Bacterial Vaginosis

  • Antibacterial therapy
  • Physiotherapy
  • Bracing medicines
  • Diet
  • Syringing
  • Antibacterial candles and creams
  • Creams
  • Vaginal stream baths
  • Local hormone therapy (depends on manifestations)

Antibacterial therapy is prescribed only after bacterial response to antibiotics is determined. Local hormone therapy is necessary in ovarian hypofunction.

During treatment milk-and-vegetable diet with low fluid intake is recommended. Such a diet does not cause irritation of vaginal and cervical mucous membrane.