Sexually Transmissible Infections
There are diseases that people can get during sex.
Their general name is Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI), or Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD). They can be called Venereal Diseases (VD).
The most common STIs are gonorrhea, syphilis, Chlamydia, microplasmosis, ureaplasmosis, trichomoniasis. She list is much longer. The disease is an STD if the infection is proved to be spread when having sex. Most of the microorganisms live on the human body. They are not found in the disease-free people and if they are found the person is considered infected.
Most of the infections have the same symptoms. They are pain when urinating, itch and burning in genitals, genital discharge.
Though there are STIs that show no symptoms.
You can be sure you are disease-free if:
- You do not have sex
- You have the only healthy partner
- You use a condom when having any sexual contact
If you have had a sexual contact without condom you should get tested even if you have no symptoms.
Only special testing can detect STI. The methods can be different. The simplest and most commonly used is smear test. The only disadvantage is it gives a reliable result only in the early stage of infection.
In the late stage the method can show no result. More contemporary and reliable methods are bacterial inoculation, detection of specific signs of DNA of the infection, blood test.
KEEP IN MIND:
In most cases to diagnose correctly an STI several investigation methods should be used.
STI cannot go away on its own. Not any STI in the history has healed by itself. If the symptoms are gone you should not think the disease is gone. It may go into chronic stage and the symptoms are not present.
The STIs are dangerous because a person can spread disease without knowing he/she has an infection. Some STIs can spread from mother to her newborn baby. The baby can get an infection before and during delivery and when breast-fed.
Self-medication is extremely dangerous, when a person starts taking any medication without doctor’s prescription relying on commercial or friends’ advices. In that case the disease may turn chronic. Only a Dermatologist can help with detection and treatment.
The policy is the earlier you begin treatment the earlier you get better. If untreated, STI can cause serious complications infertility, cervical cancer, joint and nervous diseases.