Colposcopy. Examining Endocervical Canal
Colposcopy is a method of medical investigation enabling doctor to visualize endocervical tissues for precancerous tumours and pathologies.
Looking at possible cancerous site at high magnification allows doctor to localize the tumour and accurately detect the area of targeted biopsy when sample is taken (cytological smear test).
Colposcopy is a painless, safe and effective procedure.
Types of Colposcopy
There are two techniques of colposcopy regular and extended. Regular colposcopy is performed without specific medical solutions. Extended colposcopy is performed as visualisation of endocervical canal using specific substances.
Goals of Colposcopy
- Evaluation of endocervical canal
- Detecting affected area that is not seen by naked eye
- Differentiation of malignant tumours from benign ones
- Carrying out targeted smear tests and biopsy from suspicious area
Doctos during the procedure of colposcopy can use contrast dyes acidic acid or iodine. After a contrast material has been applied a on the area of interest doctor follows up the reaction on the area under microscope for 10 to 20 minutes. Extended colposcopy allows doctor to diagnose whether cancerous tumour is present or absent.
Biopsy is performed only after Gynaecological examination and drug treatment. It is performed by means of biopsy forceps and under colposcopic control. Do no be afraid of the procedure. It is totally painless and quick. You are going to experience pulling which is similar to that you feel during cycle.
After taking a biopsy sample you will be restricted to using tampons and douche.
After biopsy the sample is sent for histological investigation. This allows identifying a possible pathogen and diagnosing a condition.
On the basis of the examination doctor can diagnose:
- Chronic cervical inflammation
- Squamous metaplasia
- Flat condyloma of cervix uteri
- Carcinoma in situ