Chlamydia is an organism that has biological properties both of viruses and bacteria. According to its structure, Chlamydia is like bacteria, since it is coated with cell wall. According to its size, chlamydia is very close to viruses and can reside inside human cells like a virus.
Chlamydia kills the cell of the host, comes to the intercellular space and infects other cells. There are different species of chlamydia. People can get it from people, animals and birds.
In most cases, chlamydia lives together with other germs. This makes treatment more complicated.
Chlamydia causes different diseases. Ornithosis is similar to pneumonia and is caused by a species of chlamydia. Trachoma is a disease affecting cornea and conjunctiva. It is very rare, but it can lead to loss of vision.
Most often people face the result of chlamydial activity. The infection results in genitourinary chlamydial infection. This is a pelvic inflammatory disease. It can be spread through sexual intercourse. You can hardly get it from using objects around you since chlamydia cannot survive outside the body. Incubation period varies from 1 to 3 weeks.
The infection results in damage to mucous membrane in urethra, uterine tubes, and cervix. It may lead to complications inflammation of epididymis in men and uterine inflammations in women. These conditions can cause infertility. Impotence from chlamydiosis is rare.
In men, chlamydial infection may cause transparent discharge from urinary tract and pain when urinating.
In women, chlamydial infection may cause vaginal discharge, pain when urinating and pain in lower abdomen.
Signs are most usually absent.
Gonococcus and ureaplasma may give the same signs. It takes much time and expenses to prove infection is chlamydia.
Evidently, as we discuss an STI (sexually transmitted infection), both partners are to be treated. Otherwise treatment is in vain. Do not practice self-care. Once you have noticed the initial symptoms of the infection, call to your health care provider for an appointment without delay.