Martopathy is a diseases caused by hormonal imbalance in the breasts. It is characterized by unequal proliferation of connective tissue within breasts, forming little cysts and widening ducts. Usually, it occurs in both breasts, but the process may be unequal in both sides.

A range of factors cause mastopathy. They may be put into eight kinds.

  1. Reproductive system dysfunction
  2.  Disorders in sexual life and mood (stresses, depressions)
  3.  Hormonal metabolic changes (lack of iodine in the body)
  4. Gynecological conditions (inflammation of uterine appendages)
  5. Chronic conditions of other parts and systems of the body (specifically thyroid conditions, diseases of liver, gall bladder, diabetes, obesity, vascular conditions)
  6. Genetic factors (family history)
  7. Environment and lifestyles (abortions, breast injuries, use of alcohol, cigarette smoking, radiation effects, absent or late pregnancy, breastfeeding time is too short)

Kinds of Mastopathy

Usually, there are two types of masthopaty nodular and diffuse cystic masthopaty. In nodular mastopathy nodules occur in the breasts. In diffuse cystic mastopathy, in breast tissue plenty of little proliferations without distinct limits occur. Mixed forms may occur. The distinction enables to select a treatment option. Nodular mastopathy often may develop into cancer. One should get diagnostic tests to rule out cancer. In diffuse cystic mastopathy, patients have regular physical exams and conservative treatment.


Mastopathy is manifested by:

Diagnosing Mastopathy

Now it is essential that each woman over age 35 to have regular checks for breasts once a year. Mastopathy is diagnosed based on clinical data, scan, x-ray, and other diagnostic measures.

Clinical method of diagnosis is the most common. It includes analysis of history data, physical exam and breast palpation. Yet following diagnosing methods can be done:

Treating Mastopathy

Nodular mastopathy is treated by surgical resection.

Diffuse cyst mastopathy implies conservative treatment.