During sclerotherapy special substance is injected into pathologic vessels and cavities. Then vessel lumen is closed.
Phlebologists usually perform the procedure when treating benign tumours in veins as well as in treatment for varicose veins in adult patients.
The principle of the technique is quite simple. Sclerosing substance is injected into a superficial vein with a syringe. Then compression of the treated region is performed. That means the regions are wrapped with special bandages or a compression clothing.
The technique may be a plain cosmetic procedure. Now, due to development of medical technologies the procedure may be used in treatment for more serious conditions.
Several types of sclerotherapy exist:
- Foam-form therapy
Microsclerotherapy is a classic technique. It is performed by way discussed above. The method is recommended in small vascular lesion removal, diameter less then 2mm.
Echosclerotherapy. The injection is performed under control of vascular screening. Visualization allows avoiding extravascular administration of the substance and decreases the risk of complications connected with the procedure. This enables to perform procedure with larger and deeper veins.
Foam-form therapy is a novel sclerotherapy technique. The sclerosing substance is injected as foam rather then liquid. Foam reduces use of the substance and increases durability. This makes more benefits of the procedure.
Echosclerotherapy coupled with foam-form sclerotherapy enables doing the procedure in veins of any diameter. This makes sclerotherapy alternative to surgical techniques of treatment for varicose veins.
Recommendations for sclerotherapy:
- Varicose veins in legs
- Spider veins
- Reticular varicose
- Benign tumours in vascular systems