Pancreas. Pancreatitis. Diabetes.

Pancreas is the second largest organ in the digestive system. It weighs about 70 to 80 gram. Pancreas plays an important role in digestive and metabolic processes.

Pancreas produces hormones – insulin and glucagon. They control blood sugar levels and take place in carbohydrate metabolism. Insulin decreases blood glucose levels and glucagon increases blood glucose levels.

Pancreas secretes pancreatic juice. It contains enzymes lipase, maltase, lactase, trypsin. They go along duct inside pancreas to duodenum. Thus, the juice neutralizes stomach acids and takes place in digestion.

Food we eat affects the work of pancreas. If we consume much carbohydrates, pancreas produces ferments splitting carbohydrates. If we eat much fatty food, lipase is produced. Trypsin is produced for protein.



When pancreatic juice flow is blocked the ferments start working not in duodenum but in ducts or in tissues of pancreas. As a result pancreatic tissues get inflamed. Pancreatitis is inflammation of pancreas.


Diabetes is a very common disease. Diabetes may result from complication of pancreatitis, swollen pancreas, or infections (flu, hepatitis).

The disease may be insulin-dependant diabetes and non-insulin-dependant diabetes.

Insulin-dependant diabetes is when pancreas does not produce insulin sufficiently to control blood glucose level, glucose cannot come into cells and remains in blood.

Symptoms include rapid weight loss, feeling vary tired, fluid loss, bad sleep, weakness, itch on skin. In complications nausea, stomach pain, acetone breath

Non-insulin-dependant diabetes means insulin is produced enough, but it is not accepted by cells. They do not react to it. Nevertheless, having active lifestyle and healthy diet many can achieve normal glucose levels.

Overweight people usually develop this type of insulin.

Symptoms include weight gain, urinating frequently, feeling very tired, feeling very hungry and thirsty, wounds and bruises take long to heal, frequent infections, prickly and numb palms and feet.

Excessive blood glucose levels can result in vascular conditions. Thus, heart, brain, eyes, kidneys and feet can be affected. It can result in stroke, heart attack, kidney failure, foot gangrene, eye conditions leading to blindness.


Patient does different blood and urine tests for glucose levels and blood insulin levels.