Metabolic Syndrome, Obesity

Metabolic Syndrome – is a complex of symptoms and physical signs that show the result of† metabolic imbalance in the body. It increases risk of heart attack, stroke and death.

Signs of Metabolic Syndrome

  • Waist circumference is more then 105cm in men and 88cm in women (obesity)
  • High blood pressure that is 135/85mmHg or higher
  • high levels of glucose in the blood when hungry that is 6.1mmol/l or higher
  • high levels of triglycerides in the blood that is 1.7mmol/l mainly due to increase of low-density lipoproteins, or ‘bad’ cholesterol
  • Low levels of HDL Ц high-density lipoproteins, also known as СgoodТ cholesterol Ц lower then 1mmol/l in men and 1.3mmol/l in women

Person is considered to have metabolic syndrome if they have at least three of these signs.


Occasionally, obesity results from endocrine system disorders, usually thyroid gland or sex glands. Overeating Ц imbalance between food intake and energy consumption Ц may result in obesity.

Stages of Obesity

Different types of obesity include: stage 1 obesity excessive boy weight is higher then normal by10% to 29%; stage 2 obesity Ц 30% to 49%; stage 3 obesity Ц 50% to 99%; stage 4 obesity Ц 100% and higher.

There are several ways to determine normal body weight. The most common is to subtract 100 from height in centimeters. So, if a person is 155cm or 165cm tall, their body mass is to be 55 to 65. If 165cm to 175cm, 105 is to be subtracted and if 175cm to 185cm, 110 is to be subtracted.

People with stage 1 or 2 obesity usually have no complaints. They sometimes have weakness or tiredness. On the other hand, in stage 3 or 4 obesity, state of health is getting significantly worse. People feel short breath after a smallest work done, sometimes even being in rest, pain in heart, frequent heartbeat, interruptions to the normal rhythm of the heart, headaches, sleepiness, lower ability to work.

Overweight people usually develop atherosclerosis, diseases heart, joints, liver, and bile ducts and diabetes.

Obesity is a condition with serious consequences. It is much easier to prevent overweight then treat it.