Vitiligo is a skin disease, when skin areas lacking melanin appear as white patches. The disease is extremely difficult to treat. It can occur in any age. The disease is little studied.
Causes of Vitiligo
There are a lot of reasons for the disease to start. They include:
- Thyroid condition and other endocrine diseases
- Autoimmune diseases
- Nervous disorders and hard stress
- Chronic inflammatory diseases
- Acute poisonings
Doctor diagnoses vitiligo according to patient’s individual characteristics.
Symptoms of Vitiligo
White patches appear on skin. They may occur in one or many areas and spread. The contrast between healthy and affected skin is easily seen. The patches become wider over time.
Vitiligo may affect any areas of skin apart from palms and soles of the feet. Hair on the patches turns white. No special sensations. Some patients point to itch.
Vitiligo happens in age 10 to 30. Children get vitiligo as a result of autoimmune and endocrine conditions. The older people do not develop the disease.
Vitiligo is treated with medications, which increase sensitivity to light together with ultraviolet radiation PUVA therapy.
The medications may be produced in pills, creams and spirit solutions. Treatment for vitiligo with PUVA therapy is contraindicated to the pregnant, people with excessive sensitivity to radiation and those who have tumors and liver, stomach, kidney, blood and vein conditions.
Laser treatment has a big advantage over PUVA therapy: treatment takes less time, highly effective, more precise doses and less contraindications.
Complex treatment for vitiligo includes megavitamin therapy: high-dose vitamin B1, nicotinic acid, riboflavin, vitamin A and ascorbic acid.
More rapid treatment is skin grafting. The skin transplant is processed with PUVA method. The method is used when conservative treatment proves ineffective.