Lymphadenitis is an inflammation of lymphatic nodes. It results in abscess. The process is commonly caused by streptococci and staphylococci. The disease is usually found in armpits and groin area.
Symptoms and Types of Lymphadenitis
Strong pain, high temperature and swelling. Lymph nodes in the neck and armpit are commonly affected.
There are several types of lymphadenitis. They include: specific and non-specific lymphadenitis and acute and chronic lymphadenitis.
Non-specific lymphadenitis is commonly caused by bacteria such as staphylococci, and others. First signs are puss-filled bumps, boils, erysipelas, trophic ulcer, trombophlebitis and osteomyelitis. The purulent inflammation can lead to damaged lymphatic nodes.
Acute lymphadenitis starts with a headache, general illness and high temperature. The process leads to vessel inflammation. Developed process is marked by fever, tachycardia, extreme body temperatures, fistulas, trombophlebitis and metastatic sites.
Chronic lypmphadenitis happens when dormant inflammatory diseases recur. Pusses may form. The main symptom is permanently enlarged lymph nodes.
Specific lymphadenitis may be caused by infections of tuberculosis, syphilis, actinomycosis and plague. Infection spreads through tonsils. The symptoms are tubercular poisoning, high temperature and periadenitis.
Treatment for acute lymphadenitis depends on the stage of inflammation. In the first stage, conservative treatment is performed. It includes affected organ’s rest, treatment for infection site, ultra high frequency UHF therapy, professional lances the boil, taking antibiotics.
Treatment for chronic lymphadenitis is aimed at elimination the cause of the inflammatory process.
Specific lymphadenitis is treated after determination of the nature of affected lymph nodes and manifestation of tubercular changes. Medications are prescribed. Treatment takes 8 to 15 months. If the process develops wide range of antibiotics is prescribed.