Hives is an allergic reaction of an organism. They are accompanied with itchy bumps. Most often, hives happen on skin but they may appear on any mucous membrane as well.
Symptoms of Hives
White or red bumps are raised on skin. They may join together over time. Severe attacks of hives may result in temperature, fever, and intestine disorders. A bump lasts not for a long time and may totally fade in 2 to 3 days.
Types and Causes of Hives
Special substances are released in the body as a reaction to other substances from outside, insect bites and stings. A trigger (that causes) may be pollen, wool, fur or dust.
The hives may be associated with other organ disorders such as liver, kidneys, thyroid gland and intestine conditions. Metabolic disorders and other chronic illnesses may cause hives.
Hives may happen as a body’s reaction to foods such as see foods, chocolate or citrus fruit.
There are heat and cold hives that appear in response to temperature extremes.
Sun hives is a body’s response to sun light. It may tell of a kidney disorder. It appears in spring and summer as a result of skin exposure to the sun.
Quincke’s edema is a severe form of hives. It affects mucous membranes, larynx, lips and eyelids.
Strophulus, also known as skin rashes, is a special type of hives that happens in infants between ages 1 and 4. It happens due to body’s intolerance to breast milk, whey proteins and sulphanilamides.
Haves may be acute and chronic. Acute hives, when bump clusters show up on small areas of the skin. The bumps may go away on their own within a day.
Chronic hives last several weeks to several months. It may come back even after a minor exposure to a trigger. It is not an easy task for a doctor to figure out the reasons for chronic hives. Stresses and emotional instability may hinder recovery.
Acute hives is easily treated with calcium gluconate, laxatives and antihistamines. Hives caused by emotional instability is treated with sedatives and healthy diet. Use of anti-puritic creams is also recommended.
Modern methods of treatment for hives is autolymphocytotherapy. The principle is giving immune cell shots intradermally. The cells are released by patient’s blood. In case of allergic hives autolymphocytotherapy works in 98 percent.