Genitourinary Mycoplasma

Contemporary approaches to treatment for genitourinary mycoplasmas.

M.genitalium, U.urealyticum, U.parvum, M.hominis cause diseases in men and women.

M.genitalium causes urethritis and cervicitis.

U.urealyticum, U.parvum, M.hominis are found on mucous membrane and in genitourinary tracts of most women of child-bearing age.

U.urealyticum is a conditionally pathogenic bacterium. It causes diseases – urethritis and cystitis – only under certain conditions. Coupled with other germs it may play role in starting other diseases vaginitis, cervicitis, and vaginosis. It may cause complications after labour and abortion as well as pregnancy complications.

Diagnosing Genitourinary Mycoplasma

When does a patient need to get tested for M.genitalium?

A person may get tested for U.urealyticum, U.parvum, M.hominis when:

Diagnostics includes bacterial culture and microscopy.

Test sample is taken from urethra, vagina and cervix as well as from urine and ejaculate.

Treating Genitourinary Mycoplasma

M.genitalium is to be treated when:

U.urealyticum, U.parvum and M.hominis are to be treated when other pathogens have not been detected and a person has:

Once a person has been diagnosed with M.genitalium, all their sexual partners are to be tested too.

Once a person has been diagnosed with other mycoplasmas, their sexual partners are to be tested if they have similar signs of inflammatory processes.