Most people rarely remember pancreas when speaking about internal organs. We can remember oesophagus, stomach, intestine and liver. We have notion what function every of listed organs has. Many people remember pancreas only after it has reminded of itself. And the reminder is usually connected with unpleasant circumstances. So, let us meet pancreas closer.
We have stomach, gall bladder, common bile duct, pancreatic duct, duodenum, pancreas.
Pancreas is a part of the digestive system. It is a large gland and has lobular structure. Most of its cells secrete pancreatic juice. It contains digestive ferments and alkalis. Being carried through duct to the small intestine, pancreatic juice provides for digestion of proteins, fats and carbonates.
Along with digestion process pancreas plays an important role in regulation of carbonate, fat and protein metabolism. For this purpose some of the pancreatic cells synthesize such pancreatic hormones as insulin, glucagon and somatostatin. Insulin and glucagon regulate carbohydrate metabolism by decreasing or increasing glucose levels in the blood. Stomatostatin regulates function of hypophysis, digestive organs, liver and pancreas itself.
Pancreas is a very important and quite fragile organ at that. It is easy to get disordered. At minute instance of dysfunction a process of autolysis starts. That means pancreas starts digesting itself. Therefore, doctors recommend keeping pancreas in mind. It is so fragile that it cannot be implanted or removed.
Today, the main factors leading to pancreatic diseases include:
- Alcohol misuse (NOMBER-ONE REASON)
- Smoking cigarettes
- Metabolic disorders (primarily due to obesity)
- Long take of medicine (mainly hormonal and antibiotics)
- Digestive organ disorders (gall bladder, bile ducts)
- Infections (viral, bacterial and intestinal worms)
- Autoimmune diseases
- Family history
Pancreatic diseases include:
- Pancreatitis (acute and chronic)
- Pancreatic cancer
- Cystic fibrosis